India achieves major milestone in its anti-ballistic missile programme

BHUBANESWAR: India successfully test launched two homegrown interceptor missiles capable of destroying targets at exo and endo-atmospheric regions, in the last 20 days.

The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) test fired the supersonic endo-atmospheric advanced air defence interceptor missile, dubbed as Ashwin, from a defence test facility off Odisha coast, on Wednesday.

The missile was fired from Abdul Kalam Island at about 10.15 AM against a target launched from Chandipur-based launching complex-III. Blasted off at about   10.10 AM, the target missile, a variant of Prithvi, mimicked the enemy missile.

Here’s a list of ten reasons why the mission is significant for India’s ongoing  Ballistic Missile Programme:
1. Long range radar and multi-function fire control radar located far away successfully detected the incoming missile from take-off and tracked it through its entire path.

2. The trajectory of the incoming missile was continuously estimated by the guidance computer that gave command for the launch of AAD.

3. Guided by the command, the AAD missile launched automatically to counter and kill the target missile.

4. The Fibre Optic Gyro (FOG) based INS in interceptor, on-board computers, guidance systems, actuation systems and the critical Radio Frequency (RF) seekers performed excellently.

5. Complete radar systems, communication networks, launch computers, target update systems and state-of-the-art avionics have been completely proven in the mission.

6. The AAD interceptor is a single stage missile powered by solid propellants and it can destroy incoming missile coming from 2,000 km away.

7. Having a diameter of less than 0.5m, the missile is 7.5m tall and weighs around 1.2 tonnes.

8. The low-altitude interceptor has the capability to effectively intercept targets coming from different directions at terminal phase while the high altitude interceptor facilitates mid-course interception.

9. With the AAD and PDV systems, which are capable of killing targets at both low and high altitudes, India is the fourth country to have developed a multi-layered BMD programme after the US, Russia and Israel.

10. The two-tier interceptor missiles are likely to be inducted in the armed forces after a couple of more tests this year.


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